We model the effects of a large number of zero modes for Nf species of quarks at finite vacuum angle θ, using a matrix model with Gaussian weights constrained by the topological susceptibility and compressibility. The quenched free energy exhibits a cusp at θ < π that is sensitive to the accuracy of the numerical analysis and the maximum density of winding modes. Our results bear much in common with recent lattice simulations by Schierholz and others. The unquenched free energy exhibits similar sensitivities, but for small quark masses or a large density of zero modes the results are in agreement with those derived using anomalous Ward identities and effective Lagrangians.
|Number of pages||19|
|Journal||Acta Physica Polonica B|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 1 2001|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)