β-eudesmol, a new sesquiterpene component in intact and organized root of chamomile (Chamomilla recutita)

Éva Szoke, Emoke Máday, Jonathan Gershenzon, John L. Allen, Éva Lemberkovics

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Abstract

Gas chromatography (GC) and GC-mass spectrometry are used to identify a new sesqiterpene, β-eudesmol, which seems to be a characteristic essential oil component of the intact and in vitro organized root of chamomile [Chamomilla recutita (L.) Rauschert]. It is identified on three types of stationary phases by GC. The confirmation of identity is carried out by comparison of mass spectra with those reported in the literature and measured from a reference compound. The percentage evaluation of the oil component is made by area normalization, on the basis of three parallel measurements. Among the cultivated and wild chamomile species examined, the wild species from the areas of Szeghalom contain the highest quantity of β-eudesmol (9.25% in the total essential oil).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)229-233
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of chromatographic science
Volume42
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2004

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry

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